The orchid Vanda is an epiphytic plant of the Orchid family. In nature, this species is widely distributed in tropical countries. It is diverse and has more than 20 thousand species. The plant is valued in home cultivation for its excellent decorative features.
Wanda's root system is powerful. The plant has a light green color. The roots are covered with belamen. It is presented in the form of a thick layer of dead cells. These cells are characterized by a porous structure and are able to absorb moisture. Moisture can even be absorbed from the atmosphere. This protective function helps to protect the plant from dehydration and sunburn.
Orchid Vanda, care at home which is simple, has a wide variety of choices. There are many varieties of this plant in nature. In home cultivation there are several types.
This plant is characterized by the presence of a high branched stem. In height, the stem can reach three meters. The length of the leaf blades is about 20 centimeters. On one peduncle can be from 3 to 6 large buds.
This orchid is characterized by the presence of a direct stem to 100 centimeters. Air roots a lot. The leaves are large, belt-shaped. At the top of the sheet there is a small oblique cut. Peduncle is large. It reaches 0.6 meters. The number of flowers on one peduncle can reach 15 pieces.
If you are interested to learn how to care for such a beautiful flower, the rules of caring for Wanda orchid are simple. Orchid Vanda is light-loving. It should be protected from excessively scorching sun, as it can get burned. It is advisable to have a pot on the south and east side. From the hot rays of the plant will help protect the tulle.
Pay attention to the fact that the Vanda orchid at home does not like frequent transplants and does not tolerate them well. This procedure is carried out in exceptional situations: the pot has become too small, it is necessary to replace the soil. Transplanting may be necessary when the roots of the flower have become rotten and need to be transplanted.
In the process of transplanting Wanda requires to remember that this type of plant is epiphytic. It must have air access to the roots. The optimal composition for the soil is sphagnum moss, bark. These ingredients are ground and mixed. Also in the resulting composition, you can add a little charcoal, expanded clay, sand. Today in stores sold ready-made mixture for these plants, which will help the question of the preparation of the soil.
Cultivation can be carried out in a plastic mesh, pot. Also, the plant can be placed in a glass vase. It will feel comfortable there. Plant transplantation involves the sequential implementation of the following steps:
- At the bottom of the tank is laid drainage. Its thickness is not more than 2-3 cm.
- A layer of bark and moss substrate is poured onto it.
- Wanda is removed from the old pot and cleaned from the old substrate.
- All dry and rotten roots should be carefully removed.
- The plant is inserted into a new pot and gently filled with a new substrate.
- Roots with the need to straighten and positioned to the walls.
- After transplantation, the plant does not need to be watered for a couple of days.
Monthly plant must be fertilized. Today the stores sell special substances for this process. With proper care and favorable conditions, the plant will delight you with large and beautiful flowers up to two times a year. Orchid blooms for a long time. An excellent stimulant for flowering is the difference between day and night temperatures. After the orchid has faded, it will be necessary to prune. The peduncle is cut off at the base. There should be a stump (1 cm). After flowering, the number of waterings decreases.
Orchid diseases - fusarium wilt, chlorosis, root rot, spider mite, aphid. They appear due to illiterate care, fungus, soil salinization, dry air, low humidity levels. A weakened plant becomes easy prey for insects and microbes.