Phalaenopsis is translated as "butterfly." And this butterfly flew to us from afar. It inhabits Indonesia and the Philippine Islands, Southeast Asia and New Guinea. This is a typical epiphytic plant that does not have a stem, but only its thickened base, where water and nutrients accumulate.
Aerial roots are capable of photosynthesis, extracting nutrients for the plant. Therefore, they are planted in transparent special pots. Phalaenopsis flower forms on arcuate peduncles, forming a delicate inflorescence - a brush. Flowering is long, because each flower blooms gradually, slowly. And the color range is striking in its magnificence and diversity.
Phalaenopsis home orchid should be in conditions at least partially resembling natural ones. Only then will it bloom profusely and feel good. This is a capricious plant that will require a special approach and attitude to itself, since the natural conditions in which it lives are not quite common.
Breeding orchids is not an easy task, so consider whether it is worth buying this beauty if you are constantly at work or on business trips. To grow a healthy and strong plant will take some effort.
Phalaenopsis varieties: flower miracle
The systematics of these exotic cultures is unstable and may vary. Orchid vendors are making a mess that put out plants with obsolete names for sale. Phalaenopsis varieties have an amazing variety and are becoming more and more popular.
- Sakura is one of the most tender with a light violet edging along the edge of the flower.
- Schiller: blooms in winter with white flowers with streaks of purple.
- Philadelphia: a natural hybrid of soft pink with a spotted lower lip.
- Blue: saturated color, smoothly turning into halftones, with white edging.
- Yellow: bright, canary color of the flower, in the center of which raspberry splashes are scattered.
- Phalaenopsis Mix: a hybrid rich in its color range.
- Mini: has a small size and plenty of colors, characteristic of other varieties.
Of course, the list is not limited to these varieties. Looking carefully at the variety, one wonders how nature could create such a miracle. Flowering phalaenopsis really look like multi-colored, fluttering butterflies.
We choose a plant we usually in flower shops. Yes, there are online stores with a rich assortment, but if you live in another city, in what form will phalaenopsis arrive to you? How to choose this culture correctly:
- Carefully inspect the plant: it should look healthy with bright and juicy leaves and a nascent or blooming peduncle.
- The soil in the plant should be dry, like a tray under the flower.
- Leaves without spots and green.
- Aerial roots of a greenish shade. If they are brown, it means that the flower was poured with water; if they are gray, they have not been watered for a long time.
He likes phalaenopsis watering with warm water (+ 30-35 degrees), which imitates the conditions where he came from. So exotic beauty greener and blooms more magnificently. Water through the soil should flow freely, not lingering in the pot or in the pan. How often to water? The frequency of irrigation depends on the humidity in the room.
The usual mode of humidity in the apartment plant tolerates well. But if it is very dry, it can affect growth. Place a saucer with water or a container with moist expanded clay nearby, which will save the culture from drying out. The room should be ventilated so that hot or damp air does not stagnate in the room.
Proper plant transplant
Phalaenopsis orchid transplant at home is carried out once every 2-3 years. How to transplant phalaenopsis? Consider this process in stages:
- Pot pick translucent, because in the aerial roots of the process of photosynthesis. In addition, it is clear that the soil is wetted.
- We carry out transplantation during the period of active growth, but not during flowering. You do not need to disturb the plant and during the rest period, otherwise it may not bloom the next year.
- We transplant an orchid into a new substrate, preferably already ready, purchased in a flower shop. It consists of moss or peat, wood bark, charcoal, pebbles.
- Carefully extract the orchid of their former substrate, remove the old or rotten roots with shears and plant them in fresh soil.
- We water and put a pot with a transplanted orchid in its former place where the plant felt good.
Now the question of how to transplant phalaenopsis orchid, will not put you in a dead end.
What difficulties arise during reproduction?
Reproduction at home is carried out with the help of "kids". These are small lateral processes that grow when flowering ends. The plant must be an adult and have 4 large leaves. Well if the orchid rested, and it took 1.5 months after flowering.
Diseases of phalaenopsis orchids can be attributed to improper care. Phalaenopsis at home can hurt because his life is very different from life in the tropics. Of course, the plant is affected and diseases: rot, bacterial spotting, anthracnose, fusarium.