Despite its long history, the Dutch oven is one of the most popular appliances for residential heating today. The main advantage of this heating device is that it can be collected at home, even if you have the most minimal experience in the field of construction. To build successfully, you will only have to be patient and have a great desire.
For the first time the design of the Dutch oven was developed in the era of Christopher Columbus (XV century). However, the mass distribution of these products began in the first half of the XVI century. In the 18th century, such stoves began to appear in almost every home. And by the XIX century, the presence of a Dutch oven in a living room was no surprise. The demand for these elements of the interior is not lost until now.
With the advent of Dutch ovens, tiles and tiles appeared. Decorative decoration of the stove is obligatory, because the bare product without any patterns in the interior of the room will look simply tasteless.
The device of the furnace looks like this: the path along which the flue gases pass in an artificial way increases in length, because of which they more intensively transfer heat to the structure of the furnace itself. Any subtleties of physical or chemical type are not provided.
The design of this type was formed due to the special conditions in the Netherlands in the era of the Middle Ages. At that time, almost many dishes were cooked on the hearth or using the stove.
First of all, the territory of Holland almost always differed by the narrow space. Fields and land residents of the country won back from the sea space. Building houses, starting with the stove, was not the best option. Therefore, heating devices were built into the finished apartments, which, in turn, were built in accordance with the free land. The design should have been distinguished by simplicity, considerable plasticity and compactness - the very first samples of the Dutch were set in place.
In this form, the stove has survived to this day, which explains the lack of a classical order similar to the old Russian stoves.
Now Dutch ovens are developed in accordance with certain requirements, and electronic programs are used in production. But the simplicity of the principles inherent in the Dutch furnaces, ensure the invariance of the properties of the heat engineering character. The main thing is an extract of the basic proportions.
- Any changes associated with the design have little impact on the product in terms of its effectiveness and durability.
- Large functionality: a Dutch oven with a stove is a very common phenomenon.
- Relatively small dimensions - a Dutch oven can have dimensions of 0.5 x 0.5 meters.
- Low material consumption - a Dutch brick kiln with large dimensions will require about 650 pieces of ordinary bricks.
- Low weight is considered a consequence of the small capacity of the material: the concentrated load produced by the Dutch oven is not higher than the maximum acceptable for many types of floors.
- Extensibility. This indicator shows that the development of the zone above the ceiling does not make the efficiency of the whole home system worse. There are many three-story and four-story Dutch ovens.
- The resistance of the material from which the furnaces are made to various external influences, especially to thermal deformations.
- Smooth change of temperature in the period of the spread of smoke, as well as simply arranged flue.
- The Dutch oven is different in that it warms up in a short time and cools down very slowly.
- There is no need to ensure the furnace on a regular basis, as well as accelerating the furnace.
- High level of thermal efficiency: a large oven with a Dutch oven is capable of heating up to 60 square meters.
Quite practical is considered stove with a stove bench. Its distinguishing characteristics are:
- Small dimensions. This option provides the ability to place the device in a small room at home.
- The power of the system itself. You can heat up to 35 square meters.
- Two built-in modes for the summer and winter periods.
- Integrated heating. A stove with a stove bench is most often placed between the kitchen and the living room. Thus, after heating the kitchen, the heat moves to the residential part.
- Availability. Equipment and materials for installation are distinguished by their simplicity and relatively low cost.
- Aesthetic appeal. The one-piece design of the device with a stove bench may differ in a certain decorative effect. This element of the interior will perfectly match the apartment.
The most acceptable temperature for a furnace chela is 60 degrees. The temperature regime is determined by the touch of a hand: on the palm side, the temperature is tolerable, the back region is burned in an unbearable manner.