Pergola is a structure designed to decorate the site on the basis of adding color and originality to the design. Pergolas in landscape design is an integral element of the spectacular decoration of the backyard paths.
The design is mounted on both sides of the track, the top is fully or partially covered with material. Such a structure is often decorated with entrance gates. In sunny hot weather, the design helps to create a shadow on the site.
Beautiful pergolas are used to organize comfortable seating areas. With a strong sun pergola helps to shield the heat, taking on the role of blinds from the vegetation.
Boards pergolas mounted perpendicular to the base. They are oriented in length in the direction of C-3.
If you install structures with an arch in the direction from west to east, you can observe how in the morning and evening hours the sun effectively shines along the boards.
During the day, the sun shines across the structure and does not penetrate inside, creating a shadow. Thus, the pergolas at the dacha perform not only an aesthetic function, but also a practical one, helping the person and the plants to hide from the intense heat. Often used pergola with a bench.
The main functional tasks of the pergola on the site
Farmland today is not only a place for cultivation of vegetable crops, but also a recreation area. It is extremely important that the stay in the countryside be as comfortable as possible. Any, even the most inconspicuous place decorative pergola can transform beyond recognition. The vaulted structure, made in the form of an arch, is used as a support for plants that vigorously grow.
You can make a spectacular and cozy gazebo with pergolas. Pergola can be used for a wide variety of purposes. This is a great place to relax, tea, organizing events.
Summer pergolas help solve many problems in landscape design:
- Pergola helps to divide the site into certain zones.
- This is a great place to relax in hot weather.
- The design helps to perform a spectacular dressing of the local area.
- The arch helps to create an elegant corridor of plants.
- With the help of the pergola, you can successfully decorate the buildings, which emerged from the general idea when landscaping.
Owners of suburban areas are often wondering where to place the arches on the summer cottage as convenient as possible. It can be arranged on the walkway, behind the house, creating a magnificent recreation area.
For landscaping are used various types of pergolas. Depending on the design, shape and type of material used, the following types are distinguished:
Pergola in the form of a screen
The main objective of this design is to close the garden area from prying eyes. This design is often mounted near the fence or fence. This pergola variant is suitable for decorating and zoning a territory.
If you have studied the projects pergolas, decided on their configuration, then you can safely proceed to the construction. Pergolas are built with their own hands simply if you know the peculiarities of this process.
The pergola itself can be made of wood. In rare cases, the pergola support may be made of stone. First of all, it is necessary to ensure the safety of the wooden base, which comes into contact with the ground. This problem is solved by the use of metal cups or a structure equipped with special pins. You can choose one of two options.
Stand in the support is fixed using screws. To do this in a metal cup, you must make two holes. Thus, the wooden structure is in limbo.
The wooden structure is coated with varnish or antiseptic. Next is the manufacture of the roof.
Do not forget about the regular protection of wood or metal from the negative influence of the environment. At observance of all requirements of construction the garden pergola will serve throughout a long period of time.
It is necessary to rationally approach the choice of climbers for pergolas. It is difficult to imagine a full-fledged pergola without properly selected plants. Landscape designers recommend the use of certain types of plants. Perfectly fit creepers. They are fixed to the supporting surface with the help of the roots. These plants include ficus, ivy, vanilla.