Blooming eremurus is often compared with large gentle candles. These attractive flowers have a long history, but until today they have not lost their popularity among lovers of beautiful plants. They have an unusual appearance. High inflorescences consist of small flowers. The length of the stem reaches a height of 2 meters. Although the plant is considered exotic, in specialized stores you can always buy planting material. It is preliminary important to get acquainted with the peculiarities of reproduction, planting and caring for a flower.
Eremurus is a member of the lily or asphodel family. The genus of these perennials includes more than 50 varieties. The flower is widely distributed in Central and Western Asia. In the wild form is found in the Crimea.
Eremuruses are called differently: "Cleopatra's arrows", "desert tails", etc. Perennial plants have a short growing season. The flower has a short rhizome, whose length is 3 - 4 cm. Fleshy roots depart from it in different directions. In general, the rhizome in appearance resembles a star.
Plant height varies in the range of 0.5-2 meters. Basal leaves are collected in the outlet and have a triangular shape. Numerous flowers are characterized by small or medium size. They are six-petal, are pink, yellow, white, are collected in a cone-shaped panicle. The flowering period lasts from late May to August. On one inflorescence flowers open for 30-55 days. With the help of the correct selection of varieties, you can achieve flowering for 2 or even 2.5 months. Fruits are small round boxes.
Flower Eremurus has many varieties. Consider the most popular ones.
The plant got its name at the place of growth. The height of peduncles reaches 1.2 - 2 m. The shrub grows almost 60 cm wide. Eremurus has belt-like leaves of bright green color. Their length is 30 cm. White flowers with a diameter of 2.5 cm are collected in neat pyramidal inflorescences, the length of which reaches 90 cm.
Distributed in Lebanon, Northern Pakistan, Turkey, Iraq. The peduncle of this perennial has a height of 1.2 - 2 m, it grows 60 cm wide. The length of the belt-like gray-green leaves reaches 30 - 40 cm. The flowering period is observed somewhat later than that of other counterparts. Numerous flowers with a diameter of 2 cm gray-yellow color with red-orange stamens.
The luxurious flower reaches 1.5 m in height, grows to a width of 90 cm. Among the cultivated varieties are mainly hybrid forms. Spear leaves reach a length of 15–30 cm. Small flowers with a diameter of 2–3 cm are distinguished by a wide variety of colors.
Perennial native of the Crimea can be seen in Yalta, Crimean and Karadag reserves. Plant height reaches 1.5 m, white flowers.
This attractive Eremurus grows on the territory of Central Asia, in the Pamir and Tien Shan mountains. The height of the shrub is 3 m, width - 1.2 m. Gray-blue leaves reach a length of 1.2 m. The diameter of light pink flowers with yellow and brown stamens is 4 cm. They are collected in inflorescence up to 120 cm high.
There are other varieties of the flower, which are actively used by modern growers. Today, you can choose any Eremurus, which, with proper care, will delight with its attractive appearance for many years.
Experienced experts recommend planting a flower in early autumn. A suitable place should be open, well lit by sunlight and have good drainage.
Replant the plant can only be in a neutral soil with low acidity. Flowerbed should be protected from wind blowing. Some varieties of Eremurus, for example, milky-flowered and Altai completely unpretentious to the soil. They are transplanted even on clay, it is enough just to add any baking powder to it. For planting any varieties of plants are not suitable places with a high location of groundwater.
Beforehand it is necessary to properly prepare a suitable soil mixture. To do this, perform the following manipulations:
- Gravel or pebbles are laid at the base of the bed before planting, a layer of soil mixture with a thickness of 0.2-0.4 m is placed on top. The greenhouse or sod soil with the addition of humus, coarse sand and small stones is considered the ideal option.
- To transplant a plant, it is necessary to dig a hole up to a depth of 15 cm. Its diameter should correspond to the size of the rhizome. Transplantation of hybrids in open ground is carried out at a distance from each other - 0.3-0.6 m. This indicator depends on the height of the flower.
- Before planting, keep the rhizome in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for at least 2 hours.
- Replanting hybrid varieties of a plant should be carefully monitored so that their tip rises above the ground in the range of 10-15 cm.
When buying seedlings need to carefully study them. As a rule, Kornedonets has a slightly dried appearance. Several buds must be present on it. You should not buy a plant with broken roots, because the new ones will not grow, and in the open field it will simply die. The removal of thin root tips is considered normal.
Eremurus can be propagated vegetatively or with the help of seeds. The first method is considered more simple.
After the ripe seeds fall, the top of the plant dries out. At this time, reproduction of the eremurus should be done by dividing the rhizome. This is done in two ways:
- Initially, dig a part of the plant, which is located underground. Kornedontsa carefully separated and placed in a warm dry place to dry. You can plant them in the beginning or middle of autumn.
- The rhizome of the Eremurus neatly unearthed. Without removing them from the soil, they are divided into 4 parts with a sharp knife. The incisions made on hybrid varieties are covered with crushed coal, then closed again with earth. Next year, the plant will give many new outlets, which are separated and transplanted.
Some growers propagate eremurus with the help of seeds, which are immediately sown in flowerbeds. It happens as follows:
- In August, flower stalks are cut, and laid out under a canopy for full maturation. After that, the seeds are separated and cleaned.
- At this time, the bed is prepared, the seeds are planted in the excavated groove 15 mm deep.
- In spring, the first shoots appear that require uncomplicated care. It is necessary to weed weeds, water the plants, feed, loosen the soil. Hybrid seedlings grow rather slowly, they will bloom only for 4 - 5 years.
The flower multiplies by planting seeds in special containers. Saplings do not undergo transplantation for 2 - 3 years. Drying is carried out with the dishes, only after that hybrids are planted on the garden bed. Often, growers who decide to propagate a plant in this way, grow completely new flowers, absolutely unlike the mother.
Eremuruses multiply in different ways, so each gardener independently decides which way is best to choose for himself. Equally important is the correct care of the flower.
Eremurus transplantation to the flower bed is an excellent solution for a full decoration of the site. Original panicles painted in different colors will proudly rise above other vegetation. Fawn, yellow, pale pink, orange, snow-white flowers with proper care will delight those around them with their exotic beauty.
"Cleopatra's Arrows" look great on lawns, alpine slides, in group plantings and in the background of the beds. Transplanted plants will help you to place bright accents correctly, making the backyard design unique and charming.
Eremurus - tall flowers, so they are difficult to see in the flowerbed. When transplanting plants it is recommended to combine them with bulbous varieties: hazel grouses, daffodils and tulips. Eremuruses harmoniously look in combination with bearded irises and other annuals and perennials that do not belong to moisture-loving ones: yucca, mallow, cereal, cortaderia.
Desert tails look especially attractive against the background of wooden walls or fences. They are indispensable for the design of large stony gardens. When transplanting, it is necessary to observe a distance of 30 - 90 cm, depending on the size of the varieties you like.