Properly executed ceiling can completely change the appearance of the room. Make it visually more or less, give it a noble gloss or turn it into a very modern loft. Figured ceilings cope with similar tasks better than others - to express with their help the designer's plan is many times simpler, because three-dimensional structures always give more space for imagination than flat surfaces.
Types of curved ceilings
Depending on how much finances it was decided to invest in the installation of the ceiling, and on whether the masters will be brought in from the side, the most suitable option is chosen from the existing three:
- Figured ceiling of foam. The easiest and cheapest, handicraft option that you can easily do with your own hands at home. It does not require the manufacture of a special frame and the attraction of people from the outside - a clerical knife, universal glue and good taste are enough.
- Figured ceilings of plasterboard. Also quite cheap, but more difficult option. Drywall is heavier than foam, therefore it requires a special framework, on which the subsequent layers will already be layered. You can make it yourself, but it will require skill and experience - or at least time and materials for training.
- Figured stretch ceilings. The most expensive, the most difficult, but at the same time and the most elegant looking option. It requires not only special skills, but also specialized equipment, in order to tension the canvas, it must first be heated. Also mounted on the frame.
If the design concept is complex and one material is missing for its implementation, they can be easily combined. So, stretch ceilings are perfectly combined with plasterboard - their brilliant smoothness allows you to emphasize the plasterboard elements.
Polyfoam is the cheapest of materials, but this is not its only advantage:
- Resistance to building mixtures. Foam ceiling can be painted with water-based paints and varnished - it does not harm him.
- Resistant to water. The foam does not suffer from high humidity, can not warp, go blistering or mold.
- Soundproofing. Of course, the sound insulation properties of polyfoam are imperfect, but they will help to somewhat muffle the sounds of life of neighbors from above.
- Easy handling. Polyfoam is easy to cut with a simple stationery knife to your liking. Even easier to attach it to the ceiling - enough universal glue.
- Ease. The foam does not require to calculate whether the ceiling plate can withstand its weight.
- Diversity. You can buy foam sheets of any size and shape.
- Lack of frame. The main advantage is that there is no need to fix metal pipes that would support the ceiling.
However, if in a particular situation the pros outweigh the cons, foam can be a great solution for a bedroom, for a hall, for a kitchen or a corridor. Installation takes place in series:
- Thinking over the plan. On a piece of paper you need to draw a sketch of what the ceiling will look like in the end. Calculate how much each detail should be.
- Cutting parts. Cutting on foam is easy - you can use a jigsaw for thick sheets and a clerical knife for thin ones. The result should be finished parts that are perfectly matched to each other and correspond to the sketch.
- Preparing the ceiling. The ceiling is cleared of old plaster, it removes dirt and dust. After that, he plastered again and covered with a primer in two layers.
- Installation of foam. Lightweight foam elements - they are enough to miss with universal glue and firmly pressed to the ceiling for a short time.
- Finish A layer of gypsum plaster is applied on the foam layer. After it dries, the surface is primed in two layers and sanded.
- Painting. The finished ceiling is painted - in bright warm colors in the kitchen, in muted in the hallway - and when it dries, it is considered ready.
The process will take some time, because the ceiling elements need time to dry. However, the result will be worth it - in addition, it will take less time than other variants of the figured ceiling.
Drywall is plastic, but this is not its only advantage:
- Aesthetics. Drywall allows you to hide all the flaws of the ceiling - if in the kitchen or in the hallway the stove goes cracked or with ugly stains, the shaped ceiling of the plasterboard will help to hide it.
- Soundproofing. Giposkarton is better than polyfoam. Of course, it will not help 100% to get rid of annoying sounds, but it will help make them quieter.
- Environmental friendliness. There is nothing in the plasterboard that could damage the environment.
- Inability to burning. In case of fire, drywall will not burn.
- Reliability. Drywall can last for many years and it does not need to be upgraded over and over again - just keep an eye on the general condition just in case.
- Easy installation of fixtures. Gypsum plasterboards can be easily adjusted to the desired shape, easily drilled. To make a figured ceiling with lighting using them is very simple.
In addition to the advantages, there are also disadvantages:
- Lack of resistance to water. Drywall can warp, go waves, dampen and even begin to rot, if the indoor humidity is high.
- Lack of resistance to natural threats. Drywall can become moldy, can become a haven for rodents or cockroaches.
- Relative fragility. Carefully work with sheets of drywall.
Work on a plasterboard ceiling is harder than work on a foam ceiling, but the result will be more impressive and durable.
Curly ceilings that can be installed in the kitchen, in the hallway, in the bedroom or even in the bathroom, there are two main types:
- Film Glossy, glossy.
- Fabric Soft, which look like a stretched fabric. Always matte.