The advantage of any dry closet in the country is the speed of installation, the ability to move to another place, environmentally friendly use. However, the only one who justifies the definition of "biological" is the peat toilet. Unlike toilets of this type with chemical cleaning during its operation, the use of chemical reagents is excluded. The result of the work of such a toilet is getting natural fertilizer for the garden and kitchen garden - compost.
Principle of operation
The principle of transformation of waste into compost is put in the basis of the peat dry closet action. This is due to the biologically active components. In the peat toilet, such a biological component is peat. Peat mixture can also be used - peat with sawdust.
The principle of operation of the peat toilet, based on the biological decomposition of waste, contributes to their separation into solid, liquid and gaseous constituents. Peat has disinfecting properties, its use eliminates unpleasant odors.
Externally, the peat toilet for giving is similar to its counterparts - chemical and electric dry closets, but it is arranged somewhat differently. The design is simple. The peat toilet body is made of high quality plastic.
The basis of the construction of the simplest peat toilets is a large bucket, on which is installed a seat with a tight-fitting lid. Under the seat is placed a container for receiving waste. Above it is located the second tank - for peat mixture, which should be poured into the lower tank before and after using the toilet for its intended purpose.
It is easy to understand how the backfill mechanism works. Depending on the model, it is different. Perhaps a direct sleep scoop. In the more expensive models there are special mechanical devices that operate when the knobs are turned. The mixture is metered in a container for waste. This is due to a special valve - dispenser.
The design provides for a place to install a ventilation pipe through which residual liquid, not absorbed by peat, and carbon dioxide evaporates. If the toilet is installed in the house, then the ventilation pipe should be brought outside.
When the toilet is used too actively and there is a lot of fluid left, it is discharged to the outside with the help of a drain hose passing through the drain hole provided for this. A sensible arrangement is where the contents of the hose fall directly into the compost pit.
How to choose a peat toilet to give, characteristics that should be paid attention to:
- Dimensions. It should be placed in the place intended for it.
- Volume of waste container. Determines the frequency of emptying. Consider the number of users. When buying a toilet with a large tank, if it is used by a small number of people, it will have to be half-empty, since waste cannot last too long.
- Density of a prileganiye of a cover to sitting.
- The presence of wheels on the tank. Facilitates its emptying.
- The presence of the fill indicator.
- Permissible load, depending on the strength of the material.
All models have a high-end exterior. Their appearance can decorate any room. The presence of different colors will allow you to choose the right one and will not bring dissonance to the interior of the dacha if the bio-toilet is installed indoors.
The choice of peat toilets is large enough. The acquisition of such a useful device is possible for people with small incomes, and with high demands. Which one to choose depends on the intended operating conditions and financial possibilities.
Installing a peat toilet is possible both inside the cottage itself and in the yard in a separate building, so choosing a place is not difficult. For the operation does not require water, so there is no danger of freezing in frosty weather. Plastic housing can withstand low temperatures.
The advantage of peat dry closets compared to electric is the ability to quickly install anywhere without wiring electricity.
Care of peat toilets is the regular removal of the contents of the lower tank and its disinfection. It is necessary to fill the top tank in time with peat or mixture. At the end of the summer season, the lower container should be emptied.
The operation of the peat toilet is reduced to the regular filling of the top tank with peat filling and the timely emptying of the waste tank. Do not put peat under the string. Most manufacturers give a recommendation to fill the container at 2/3. A completely filled waste tank becomes quite heavy, so you have to empty it more often. The lid in the peat toilet should be kept tightly closed to prevent odor.
The top tank has a built-in peat supply mechanism, driven by a special handle. From the number of turns will depend on the amount of spilled peat. It is necessary to experimentally adjust the force that is applied to the handle, otherwise the peat will crumble unevenly.
Peat used in peat toilets can be purchased at specialty stores. It consists of a mixture of natural peat and sawdust conifer trees. Piteco B30 and PitecoB50 mixes have proven themselves well. The humidity of any mixture should not exceed 30%. When purchasing granulated peat mixtures, the efficiency of use is greatly increased.
Peat toilets cannot be used immediately. It is necessary to withstand it for some time in a compost pit, which you can do yourself or purchase a ready-made composter. It is better not to buy a garden composter than an open type, but which is covered with a lid.
To create a higher temperature, it makes sense to cover the waste with black textile material. This will speed up the process of obtaining high-quality compost.
The contents of the peat toilet's lower tank are emptied into the composter, after which it should be covered with earth. The decomposition processes will stop in about a year, and then the compost can be used as a fertilizer.
The advantages of peat toilets include:
- small dimensions;
- no need for sewage;
- use of waste as fertilizer;
- installation in any convenient place;
- environmental friendliness;
- ease of maintenance;
- no need for water supply;
- solution of the problem of waste disposal;
- small frequency of emptying;
- low cost;
- natural air circulation;
- ergonomic design;
- resistance to frost;
- resistance to damage;
- compliance with health standards;
- low cost of peat;
- low peat consumption;
- slow filling of the tank;
- easy installation;
- ease of disposal;
- lack of smell;
- does not require electricity supply;
- suffers freezing;
- ease of installation;
- possibility of installation in the room of a country house;
- does not require a cesspool;
- small frequency of cleaning.
In the market of dry closets there is a rating of models of both domestic, and foreign producers. The most popular domestic models:
- Peat dry closet Piteco 505. The best peat toilet among domestic models. Good combination of compactness with ergonomics. Tank capacity - 44 liters. High wear resistance. There is a valve for automatically closing the drain hole. Cost from 5 000 to 6 500 rubles, depending on the model.
- Peat toilet for giving Compact Elite. Capacity for waste - 40 liters. Weight - about 6 kg. The body is made of durable plastic. Included are a dosing system and a discharge pipe. The cost of 3500 - 4000 rubles.