Many owners of country plots or private houses, having a personal plot, decide to break a garden on it. What it will be depends on the size of the site, the climate in the area and the capabilities of the gardener himself. Garden nurseries offer a large selection of seedlings: fruit and berry, decorative, exotic. With a choice you need not make a bad decision, because trees grow for a long time, but first you need to determine how many trees and shrubs can be planted on the site.
How to calculate the number of seedlings?
There are certain rules for planting trees in the garden. For example, trees should not be located too close to neighboring fences and to power lines. Usually seedlings are placed at a distance of 5-6 meters. Between plantings, it is also necessary to observe certain intervals so that the growing trees do not shade each other. When buying a seedling in a nursery, it is advisable to clarify how much space this culture requires, especially if it is exotic.
Types of a garden: we choose under the opportunities
Now you need to decide what kind of garden you need: fruit and berry, decorative or mixed. First of all, you need to take into account how much time the gardener can devote to the care of the garden.
Caring for wild-growing trees in a park-like garden will take the least amount of time - maple, birch, common or blue spruce trees grow there. Care will be reduced to pruning trees in spring or autumn, whitewashing trunks, spraying from possible pests and mowing the grass between the rows. In such a garden, you can add mountain ash, viburnum, lilac, bird cherry. They will add to the garden of bright colors, but also unpretentious.
You also need to decide on the style of the future garden. He might be:
- regular - it is distinguished by smooth rows of neatly trimmed trees, well thought out landscape design;
- landscape looks like all vegetation has grown by itself.
In order to get the effect of naturalness, you need to work hard, carefully considering how to place the trees in the garden.
How to plan a garden?
When buying seedlings and planting them, the gardener must be well aware of how they will look when they grow, that is, in a few years or decades. When choosing trees should be considered:
- soil composition on the plot;
- climate in the area;
- groundwater height;
- the shape of the plot and its location;
- the appearance of the tree;
- growth rate.
If the garden is planned to be landscaped, trees should not be planted in rows. Picturesquely look mixed groups, in which one big tree, next to it are two or three lower and frame the whole group of several shrubs of different species. When selecting seedlings for each such group, in addition to height, it is desirable to take into account the timing of flowering. It will always look spectacular group in which flowering lasts a long period. You also need to mix deciduous and evergreens. Planted in the garden, you can the following types:
- Coniferous trees. Now they are very popular, especially species with a curly crown: spherical, elongated, spreading. Among coniferous trees, there are a lot of bactericidal bacteria that clean the air from bacteria and viruses. Such conifers as juniper, cypress, thuja, spruce, pine, cedar are popular.
- Deciduous evergreens will please the eye after the onset of leaf fall pores. These include holly, Mahonia, rhododendrons, laurel cherry, and viburnum wrinkled.
- Deciduous deciduous usually form the basis of the entire garden. Most often choose fast-growing rowan, birch, low maples. They hardly freeze in the winter and always look beautiful. If the size of the garden allows, you can plant such large trees as chestnut, walnut, oak, linden, Canadian maple.
When choosing seedlings, you must first focus on the climate. You also need to know the height of groundwater in the area. The high level of groundwater involves the site’s swamping and acidic soils, which must be regularly limeled. In such conditions not every tree will grow. The most resistant to such conditions are plum fruit trees, decorative trees - weeping willow and willow. On wet soils grow any shrubs except lilac. Chubushnik, silverweed, elder black, rhododendrons, blueberries are popular.
Even on the standard 5-6 acres, you can break a beautiful and diverse garden, if you choose and arrange the plantings correctly. When choosing fruit trees, preference should be given to undersized columnar apples and trees on a dwarf stock. They bring a small harvest, but they take up very little space.
Sometimes it is necessary to plant plants in heavily shaded areas of the garden, for example, behind a house, a solid fence or tall trees. In this case, you should choose those plants that a small amount of light will not interfere with having an elegant appearance, bloom magnificently and bear fruit. They should be planted more sparsely than usual. Shady places like plants such as elderberry, barberry, gooseberry, blackberry, hazel. From ornamental should choose shade-tolerant rhododendrons, garden jasmine, forsythia, euonymus, magony.
Exotic plants for the garden
Such plants in the middle lane can suffer not only from frosts, but also thaws, spring thawed waters and the lack of heat in summer. Among exotic cultures, you should choose those that are able to recover from the root and bloom on annual shoots. Exotics, southern cultures should be carefully sheltered for the winter, making sure that the plant is not susceptible and is not damaged by mice. Such plants include magnolia, robinia, false-acacia, New Mexican or Kelsey, sumac, catalpa, velvet, the legendary relict ginkgo.
A hedge is a dense wall of shrubs, planted instead of a fence or framing other plantings on the site. For hedges you need to choose shrubs, well tolerated haircut. A high fence will be made of fine-leaved elm, juniper, blackthorn, thuja, barberry varieties. For registration low suitable currant, small-leaved linden, boxwood, silverweed, yew, blisters.
Topiary is the most ancient art of topiary. A skilled gardener can give a bush any shape: an animal, birds, a geometric shape. Mastering this art is quite difficult, in addition to patience, artistic skills are needed. But the resulting figure bush will be a unique design element of the garden. Although complex work is still better to entrust professionals. And on your own you can smoothly cut the hedge, following the stretched ropes as a guide, then try to give the fast-growing bush simple shapes of a ball, hemisphere, and oval.